China has developed a unique fashion system since at least a millennium. In Tang dynasty China (618–907), for example, changes in dress and shifts in the perceptions of dress reveal the emergence of a fashion system.
Fashion and ‘fashioning’ remain crucial parts of gender expression and the performance of identity. Fashion’s potential to signify and convey identity in material form is comparable to the power of words to convey meaning in linguistic form.
Native American design is an important force in contemporary fashion. Traditional Native American art forms have been subject of inspiration and, at times, plagiarism and cultural appropriation for mainstream fashion.