Hegemonic narratives of fashion established four traditional ‘fashion capitals’ in the cities of Paris, New York, London, and Milan. However, several other cities around the world have developed their own fashion industries and become important players in the fashion systems that surround them. This reading list explores the rise and (at times) fall of a number of fashion cities beyond the traditional fashion capitals that continue to dominate the writing of fashion history.

Models walking a runway

Apartmento 03 April 2019 Runway show at São Paulo Fashion Week (SPFW).