Mexican culture is known worldwide for its rich textile traditions, which reach back over many centuries and predate the Spanish invasion. Fashion in Mexico reveals tensions between what is considered modern and traditional, between local and foreign perspectives. Throughout Mexican history, fashion has played an important role in the search for and performance of national, ethnic, and individual identities.

a historical etching showing a woman in a fashionable dress with her arms outstretched to a group of four couples looking at her

José Guadalupe Posada (Mexican, 1851–1913), A woman with her ams open surrounded by figures in elegant dress, ca. 1880–1910. Etching on zinc. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 30.82.111.